Definition and meaning of Human Geography

According to Jean Brunches Defined Human Geography as, ” The Study of all those facts in which human activities play a part and which can be included in the spatial group of the surface phenomena of our planet.”

Definition of Human Geography

According to Vidal-de-Lablache, ” Human Geography is a new branch of the geographical science in which mutual relationship of the earth and is studied.

According to miss semple, ” It is the study of the changing relationship between the unresting man and the unstable earth.”

Meaning of Human Geography

Human-geography is the branch of the social sciences that study the changing relationship and interaction between human beings and their environment in particular places and across spatial areas.

Describe the Nature and Scope of Human Geography in Details

Nature and Scope of Human Geography

The Nature and Scope of Human-geography are explained in the following points are

Nature: Human-Geography deals with conditions on the earth, the distribution of people on the surface of the earth, and finally the relationship of man to the various environments. Human-geography reveals itself to be an interpretation of the relationship between the life of man and the geo-factors and forces of nature. It studies man’s adjustment to the natural environment and the peculiar ways in which he adapts his life either wholly or in part to physical and organic nature.

Human is primarily a search for the relationship between the natural environment, human activities or attempts to establish environmental control as their bases. With the passage of time Man’s scientific and technological equipment for making the adjustment to the physical environment and has been enlarged and changed almost beyond relief. Human society also makes the social and cultural adjustment to the natural environment. Thus the cultural development of man forms the subject matter of Human-Geography.

Scope: Human-Geography has a wide scope. But there is a lot of difference in views of the different scholars. Human geography is a regional study of variation in the mode of life of different human groups. The subject matter of human geography is the nature and distribution of inter-relationship between man and geographical environment.

There are five aspects of the Scope of Human geography

  1. The Population of a region
  2. Natural resources of a region
  3. Study of a cultural landscape
  4. Study of resources utilization and resources planning
  5. study of environmental adjustment.

Explain the recent approaches used to study Human Geography?

  • Positivism: It is a philosophy that is anti-idealism. It limits knowledge to the fact that Can be observed. The follower of positivism believed that alongside the natural science social relationship to be developed on some principles. According to them, there are technicalSolutions of all problems and value-free research is possible.
  • Behaviouralism : The main emphasis of the doctrine of Behaviouralism is that the way in which people behave is meditated by their understanding of the environment in which they live. An individual is more important in the man-nature inter-relationship.
  • Welfare Approach: Welfare geography is that part of geography where we study the possible effects of various geographical policies on the welfare of society. A welfare society needs a better allocation of means of production among individuals and among places.
  • Humanism: Humanism lays emphasis on the central and active role of humans in terms of human awareness, human agency, human consciousness, and human creativity.

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Environments form the subject matter of Human Geography

Physical or Natural environment and cultural or manmade environment form the subject matter of Human Geography

  1. Physical or Natural environment: It consists of physical or material phenomena such as climate, rainfall, vegetation, natural resources like soils, minerals, water, and forests.
  2. Cultural environment or man-made environment: It includes man-made features on the earth such as population, houses, transportation, and human settlement.

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