Define Human development, Explain the Concept of Human Development

is the development that enlarges people’s choices to develop their capabilities to the fullest, productive and improve their lives in regarding their needs and interests.

Concept of Human Development.

The concept of Human Development may be defined as the process of enlarging people’s choices and raising the level of human welfare, Longevity, healthy life, and high level of standard of living or simply getting rid of poverty are necessary for human development.

The most important concept of human developments is longevity, education and a decent standard of living. Additional choices include political freedom, guaranteed human rights and various ingredients or self-reliance and self-esteem. These are essential choices, the absence of which can block many other opportunities.

Who made the human-developments approach popular in geography?

French geographers Lucian Febvre and Vidal de Lablache.

Main indicators of Human Development

The main indicators of Human-Development are:

  • Longevity (Life expectancy at birth)
  • Literacy Level (Knowledge)
  • Gross Domestic Product (per Capita).

Longevity (Life Expectancy at Birth): It is one of the most important indicators of Human Developments. The life expectancy of birth rate is the average number of the baby being born in a year that a newborn baby is expected to live.

The average life expectancy of people all over the world is 65 years. North America with an average of 77 years has the highest life expectancy, while Africa has the lowest life expectancy rate of 54 years. The difference in life expectancy of the world shows that the higher level of life expectancy, higher is the human development of the country. Obviously, the developed countries with a high level of nutrition, education, medical care and standard of living have a high life expectancy rate.

Explain the supplement indicators of the human development index.

The supplement indicators of a human-developments index are:

a) Human Poverty Index (HPI): Human Developments Index measures overall progress in a country in achieving. On the other hand, the human poverty index reflects the distribution of progress and measures the extent of deprivations that still exists.

b) Gender-Related Development Index (GDI): This index used the same indicators as the HDI but indicated inequalities in achievement between men and women. The greater the gender disparity in basic human developments, the lower is the country’s GDI compared with its HDI.

c) Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM): This index indicates whether women can take an active part in economic and political life, It focuses on participation on women in parliament, among legislators, senior officials, and managers and among professional and technical workers. It also exposes inequality in selected areas

What is the human development index?

The human-developments index is introduced in 1990. It is a device to measure a country’s achievements in the enhancement of human capabilities.

What is the life expectancy rate?

The life expectancy rate is the average number of years that a newborn baby is expected to live.

What is the main reason for the low standard of living in developing countries?

The main reasons for the low standard of living in developing countries are malnutrition, lack of medical care, illiteracy, unemployment, the rapid growth of population, low per capita income, internal and political problems.

What is the main reason for the high standard of living in developed economies?

The main reason for the high standard of living in developing economies is better education, better medical care, good transportation and communication, high per capita income, better job opportunities.

What is the main concern of human developments in the present century?

In the present century, human developments were mainly concerned with wealth rather than with people, with the economy rather than with the society, with the development of the maximization of all the income rather than with the high level of expansion of opportunities for people.

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Human development is the development that enlarges people's choices to develop their capabilities to the fullest, productive and improve their lives in regarding their needs and interests.

The concept of Human Development may be defined as the process of enlarging people's choices and raising the level of human welfare, Longevity, healthy life, cducation and high level of standard of living or simply getting rid of poverty are necessary for human development.

The main indicators of Human Development are:

Longevity (Life expectancy at birth)

Literacy Level (Knowledge)

Gross Domestic Product (per Capita)

Longevity (Life Expectancy at Birth): It is one of the most important indicators of Human Development. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years that a newborn baby is expected to live.

The human development index is introduced in 1990. It is a device to measure a country's achievements in the enhancement of human capabilities.

Life expectancy rate is the average number of years that a newborn baby is expected to live

French geographers Lucian Febvre and Vidal de Lablache.

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